France is one of the main destinations abroad for many physiotherapy professionals because this type of services is frequently required in the country. The work of physiotherapist is very well paid, it is easy to exceed € 2,500 per month, counting that in France the working day is 35 hours per week. Since ancient times, Man since its inception has had an innate sense of empathy and helping others, this has led to the development of techniques that help cure the other’s ailments, and more than that has helped to grow the knowledge of the human being and his environment. It is also said that a discipline arises from a social need, and the case of physiotherapy is not an exception because although there were already doctors to cure the ailments, these could not cope with so many ailments, they simply were not enough to provide attention and then follow up on the problem, hence the physiotherapists.
At first, they were seen as no more than a “helper” of the rehabilitative doctor; However, at present, the physiotherapist has been able to dissociate himself from such a stereotype. One of the factors that contributed to the development of this field of scientific knowledge was the development of specialties; and in fact, our future, without a doubt, is based on specialties, Physiotherapy being a genuine profession.
In the last decades, numerous specific techniques have been developed. We can say that today, the physiotherapist, physiotherapist or physical therapist is responsible for assessing, planning and applying therapeutic measures of their profession in the following medical specialties, among others: neurology, pediatrics, gerontology, intensive care, obstetrics and gynecology, rheumatology, cardiology, traumatology and orthopedics, sports, medical clinic, and oncology. For the same reason, we can say that Physiotherapy is present in all medical specialties and that its contribution is vital for the care and rehabilitation of people who require their services.
The future of physiotherapy
So far, little is known, but it is a reality that the degree in Physiotherapy is one of the greatest future in the world. As medicine advances and a greater number of ailments have treatment options, the need for well-trained physiotherapists to help in the recovery and quality of life of patients has increased. It determines a better clinical-therapeutic practice and is the primary vehicle for communication between researchers and clinicians. This contributes to support the theories and new techniques of physiotherapy treatment that will be implemented in patients.
Specialties in Physiotherapy
A “specialty” is a branch of a science, which has a wide and deep knowledge, both by the person who studies it and by the science that develops and investigates it. These allow to give a greater reach to the known areas and to know as far as the human being respects. They also allow us to inform ourselves about specific areas. A large amount of literature made from various research has contributed to the dissemination of knowledge of these specialties and with it a greater reliability when applying the treatments.
Little by little, physical therapy incorporates new technology and, of course, technological development begins to expand the therapeutic possibilities in the different pathological conditions that require the physiotherapist’s attention. It must be thought that in the future Physiotherapy must continue developing new techniques surpassing the current ones and continue improving with the help of technology. Today we are in a privileged place, we have more knowledge, more technology, and greater global communication. If so far the Physiotherapy has been dedicated to the points of care and rehabilitation of people, it is time that they begin to develop strategies for the prevention of diseases.
Cardiac and respiratory physiotherapy
Respiratory and cardiac physiotherapy is a specific field within Physiotherapy, whose sanitary applicability is diverse, from patients with affections in the airways, alterations in lung capacities and volumes, ventilatory disorders in intensive therapy or during pre- and post-treatment. an operative of thoracic and abdominal surgery, intolerance to the effort of systemic, cardiac and pulmonary origin, cardiovascular accidents, etc.
This can be granted for preventive or maintenance purposes. It is a new method of intervention, with broad and notable advances. The treatment will be granted according to the personal alteration, recovery, and condition. Exercise must be aerobic and continuous. The goal of Cardiac Physiotherapy is to maintain health. This branch of physiotherapy has been an object of study on several occasions.
Sports physiotherapy is a branch with a large field of work, even with a better employment opportunity. This branch, like the others, requires great discipline between the physiotherapist and his patient, or client, according to the situation, be it prevention or treatment. It is aimed at anyone who practices sports on a regular basis in any of its aspects (grassroots sports, amateur sports, elite sports, and sports-health). In this, two types of treatments are applied, the preventive on the one hand, and on the other, the consistent with the sports practice “the dreaded injuries”.
This is a branch that has been gaining great importance, especially in the post-birth environment; This is dedicated to the specific treatment of pelvic floor: urinary incontinence, visceral prolapse, sexual dysfunctions, through perineal massage (prevention of episiotomy) and treatment in case of having suffered.
The increase of the index of life makes that this type of patients is more and more numerous and in this way the adaptations of the physiotherapy are increasingly important, to facilitate the achievement or the improvement of their functional, psychological and psychomotor aptitudes. Another branch is geriatric physiotherapy, which besides being characterized by its techniques, is characterized by its modes of application and adaptation to the elderly. The domain of this branch can be applied to elderly patients affected by invalidating diseases that concern the locomotor, cardiorespiratory and circulatory system; as well as to patients with psychic or psychological problems.
Pediatric physiotherapy treats diseases and/or dysfunctions, which occur in infants and children, both congenital and acquired. It actively intervenes in aspects related to the motor development of the child, motor coordination, balance and postural control, which may present deficit due to the existence of neurological pathology, orthopedic, respiratory, circulatory problems, neurodegenerative diseases, physical injuries, or other disorders of the development.
This includes all those therapeutic strategies aimed at obtaining the highest possible functional level in the child. The pediatric physiotherapist knows how the child develops at the psychomotor level, how he learns, how he manages his body and what changes he will experience with growth. The treatments focus on improving motor skills (both basic and fine), improving balance and coordination, strength and endurance as well as integration and sensory and cognitive improvement. In order to carry out an adequate treatment, physiotherapy work involves working with the child and with the parents, since the physiotherapist must understand as much as possible their biopsychosocial situation and adjust the treatment to their needs and motivations.